7Calvary

Calvary is an English version of a Latin name Golgotha, the hill on which Jesus Christ was crucified and it is also a word for a visual adaptation of the Jesus Christ crucifixion scene.

The middle relief symbolises the scene of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ on the top of the hill Golgotha. That happened behind the gates of Jerusalem of that time, which is shown to the right of the cross. The inscription INRI on the top of the cross is an acronym for the Latin words Iesus Nazarenus Rex ludaeorum, in English it represents Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews, and is traditionally depicted on crucifixes and other images of the crucified Jesus Christ. The inscription was placed on the Cross of Jesus by Pontius Pilate. The skull at the foot of the cross alludes to the early Christian legend. According to this legend, there was a Christ's cross built over the grave of Adam and Christ's blood flowed on Adam's skull. The sun and the moon among the clouds at the top refer to the testimony of the Bible, according to which during the last hours of Jesus's suffering on the cross at midday the country unexpectedly plunged into darkness.

The picture on the right shows a scene from the New Testament about the hanging of a fiery serpent on a pole by Moses and that symbolises the statement "Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him". At the left and right bottom there are sacred Christian objects that relate to the last days of the life of Jesus Christ. These are so-called Arma Christi (Weapons of Christ in English).

The statue on the left symbolises the Old Testament. It holds frankincense and a twig, below that there is a menorah - a seven-branched candelabrum and on the chest it has the symbol of number 12. The statue on the right, the Pope, symbolises the New Testament. In its hand it holds a crook of the papal office and a chalice. It is wearing the papal tiara. Below the statue there are Christ's wounds on the hands, feet and heart shown.