7Prelature

Prelature is a space inhabited by the superior of the monastery, a prelate, in our case, by the abbot of the monastery. Dwelling of the abbot was not a part of so-called cloister, the area not accessible to the public, due to the lack of need of contact with the outside.

The actual abbot’s dwelling in the Broumov monastery was on the first floor of a block dividing the first  and second courtyard, which were followed by a festive space where the abbot received visits and met with the staff responsible for running of the monastery economy.

Also found in the courtyard were apartments for employees of the monastery who were in charge of the monastery economy - forests, ponds, and brewery. The second courtyard used to be a place where religious orientated plays were held during the summer holidays. This tradition is indeed still popular today, when there is a festival Malé letní divadlení (Little summer theatre), where both amateur and professional ensembles perform from across the country.

The current form of these spaces is a result of the Baroque reconstruction from the years 1727-1733, which the abbot Otmar Zinke ordered with one of the most famous architects of his time, father Christoph and his son Kilian Ignac Dientzenhofers. The prelature courtyard is therefore a wonderful example of the so-called radical Baroque, which is a result of the stabilization of the political and religious situation in the country after the Thirty Years’ War. Thanks to the successful management of the monastery large sums of money were accumulated, which, together with the social situation, became the driving force of the extraordinary creative powers.

Radical Baroque puts emphasis on the visual side of the work, the building mass is conceived in a sculptural way and abandons the classical patterns - examples are often oval floor plans of buildings based on the ellipses and their intersections and typical rippled facades and cornices.